Experiential learning approach refers to learning through reflection on doing, which is often contrasted with rote or didactic learning experienced in most educational settings. Experiential learning activities are among the most powerful teaching and learning tools available, requiring self-initiative, an “intention to learn” and an “active phase of learning”. They are structured, intentional, and creative learning activities that build linkages with schools to align and expand learning opportunities. They provide a range of activities in various subjects including STEM (science, technology, engineering and math), the arts (visual, drama, music, literature), service learning, civic engagement, leadership, citizenship, and 21st century skills.Many AYD programs use the experiential learning approach as a successful way to engage participants. Also, see project-based/problem-based.